# 1-Bit And 2-Bit Characters Problem

## Description

LeetCode Problem 717.

We have two special characters:

• The first character can be represented by one bit 0.
• The second character can be represented by two bits (10 or 11).

Given a binary array bits that ends with 0, return true if the last character must be a one-bit character.

Example 1:

``````1
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Input: bits = [1,0,0]
Output: true
Explanation: The only way to decode it is two-bit character and one-bit character.
So the last character is one-bit character.
``````

Example 2:

``````1
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Input: bits = [1,1,1,0]
Output: false
Explanation: The only way to decode it is two-bit character and two-bit character.
So the last character is not one-bit character.
``````

Constraints:

• 1 <= bits.length <= 1000
• bits[i] is either 0 or 1.

## Sample C++ Code

``````1
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class Solution {
public:
bool isOneBitCharacter(vector<int>& bits) {
// The numbers of 1 between the last 0 and the second last 0 determine the answer.
// If the number is odd, the answer is false.
// If the number is even, the answer is true.
int count_1 = 0;
for (int i = (int) bits.size() - 2; i >= 0 && bits[i] == 1; i--)
count_1 ++;
return (count_1 % 2 == 0);
}
};
``````