Flatten Nested List Iterator Problem


Description

LeetCode Problem 341.

You are given a nested list of integers nestedList. Each element is either an integer or a list whose elements may also be integers or other lists. Implement an iterator to flatten it.

Implement the NestedIterator class:

  • NestedIterator(List nestedList) Initializes the iterator with the nested list nestedList.
  • int next() Returns the next integer in the nested list.
  • boolean hasNext() Returns true if there are still some integers in the nested list and false otherwise.

Your code will be tested with the following pseudocode:

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initialize iterator with nestedList
res = []
while iterator.hasNext()
append iterator.next() to the end of res
return res

If res matches the expected flattened list, then your code will be judged as correct.

Example 1:

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Input: nestedList = [[1,1],2,[1,1]]
Output: [1,1,2,1,1]
Explanation: By calling next repeatedly until hasNext returns false, the order of elements returned by next should be: [1,1,2,1,1].

Example 2:

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Input: nestedList = [1,[4,[6]]]
Output: [1,4,6]
Explanation: By calling next repeatedly until hasNext returns false, the order of elements returned by next should be: [1,4,6].

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nestedList.length <= 500
  • The values of the integers in the nested list is in the range [-10^6, 10^6].


Sample C++ Code

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/**
 * // This is the interface that allows for creating nested lists.
 * // You should not implement it, or speculate about its implementation
 * class NestedInteger {
 *   public:
 *     // Return true if this NestedInteger holds a single integer, rather than a nested list.
 *     bool isInteger() const;
 *
 *     // Return the single integer that this NestedInteger holds, if it holds a single integer
 *     // The result is undefined if this NestedInteger holds a nested list
 *     int getInteger() const;
 *
 *     // Return the nested list that this NestedInteger holds, if it holds a nested list
 *     // The result is undefined if this NestedInteger holds a single integer
 *     const vector<NestedInteger> &getList() const;
 * };
 */

class NestedIterator {
public:
    NestedIterator(vector<NestedInteger> &nestedList) {
        begins.push(nestedList.begin());
        ends.push(nestedList.end());
    }

    int next() {
        hasNext();
        return (begins.top()++)->getInteger();
    }

    bool hasNext() {
        while (begins.size()) {
            if (begins.top() == ends.top()) {
                begins.pop();
                ends.pop();
            } else {
                auto x = begins.top();
                if (x->isInteger())
                    return true;
                begins.top()++;
                begins.push(x->getList().begin());
                ends.push(x->getList().end());
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

private:
    stack<vector<NestedInteger>::iterator> begins, ends;
};

/**
 * Your NestedIterator object will be instantiated and called as such:
 * NestedIterator i(nestedList);
 * while (i.hasNext()) cout << i.next();
 */




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