# Flatten Nested List Iterator Problem

## Description

LeetCode Problem 341.

You are given a nested list of integers nestedList. Each element is either an integer or a list whose elements may also be integers or other lists. Implement an iterator to flatten it.

Implement the NestedIterator class:

• NestedIterator(List nestedList) Initializes the iterator with the nested list nestedList.
• int next() Returns the next integer in the nested list.
• boolean hasNext() Returns true if there are still some integers in the nested list and false otherwise.

Your code will be tested with the following pseudocode:

``````1
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initialize iterator with nestedList
res = []
while iterator.hasNext()
append iterator.next() to the end of res
return res
``````

If res matches the expected flattened list, then your code will be judged as correct.

Example 1:

``````1
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Input: nestedList = [[1,1],2,[1,1]]
Output: [1,1,2,1,1]
Explanation: By calling next repeatedly until hasNext returns false, the order of elements returned by next should be: [1,1,2,1,1].
``````

Example 2:

``````1
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Input: nestedList = [1,[4,[6]]]
Output: [1,4,6]
Explanation: By calling next repeatedly until hasNext returns false, the order of elements returned by next should be: [1,4,6].
``````

Constraints:

• 1 <= nestedList.length <= 500
• The values of the integers in the nested list is in the range [-10^6, 10^6].

## Sample C++ Code

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/**
* // This is the interface that allows for creating nested lists.
* // You should not implement it, or speculate about its implementation
* class NestedInteger {
*   public:
*     // Return true if this NestedInteger holds a single integer, rather than a nested list.
*     bool isInteger() const;
*
*     // Return the single integer that this NestedInteger holds, if it holds a single integer
*     // The result is undefined if this NestedInteger holds a nested list
*     int getInteger() const;
*
*     // Return the nested list that this NestedInteger holds, if it holds a nested list
*     // The result is undefined if this NestedInteger holds a single integer
*     const vector<NestedInteger> &getList() const;
* };
*/

class NestedIterator {
public:
NestedIterator(vector<NestedInteger> &nestedList) {
begins.push(nestedList.begin());
ends.push(nestedList.end());
}

int next() {
hasNext();
return (begins.top()++)->getInteger();
}

bool hasNext() {
while (begins.size()) {
if (begins.top() == ends.top()) {
begins.pop();
ends.pop();
} else {
auto x = begins.top();
if (x->isInteger())
return true;
begins.top()++;
begins.push(x->getList().begin());
ends.push(x->getList().end());
}
}
return false;
}

private:
stack<vector<NestedInteger>::iterator> begins, ends;
};

/**
* Your NestedIterator object will be instantiated and called as such:
* NestedIterator i(nestedList);
* while (i.hasNext()) cout << i.next();
*/
``````