Next Greater Element I Problem


Description

LeetCode Problem 496.

The next greater element of some element x in an array is the first greater element that is to the right of x in the same array.

You are given two distinct 0-indexed integer arrays nums1 and nums2, where nums1 is a subset of nums2.

For each 0 <= i < nums1.length, find the index j such that nums1[i] == nums2[j] and determine the next greater element of nums2[j] in nums2. If there is no next greater element, then the answer for this query is -1.

Return an array ans of length nums1.length such that ans[i] is the next greater element as described above.

Example 1:

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Input: nums1 = [4,1,2], nums2 = [1,3,4,2]
Output: [-1,3,-1]
Explanation: The next greater element for each value of nums1 is as follows:
- 4 is underlined in nums2 = [1,3,4,2]. There is no next greater element, so the answer is -1.
- 1 is underlined in nums2 = [1,3,4,2]. The next greater element is 3.
- 2 is underlined in nums2 = [1,3,4,2]. There is no next greater element, so the answer is -1.

Example 2:

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Input: nums1 = [2,4], nums2 = [1,2,3,4]
Output: [3,-1]
Explanation: The next greater element for each value of nums1 is as follows:
- 2 is underlined in nums2 = [1,2,3,4]. The next greater element is 3.
- 4 is underlined in nums2 = [1,2,3,4]. There is no next greater element, so the answer is -1.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums1.length <= nums2.length <= 1000
  • 0 <= nums1[i], nums2[i] <= 10^4
  • All integers in nums1 and nums2 are unique.
  • All the integers of nums1 also appear in nums2.


Sample C++ Code

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class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> nextGreaterElement(vector<int>& findNums, vector<int>& nums) {
        stack<int> s;
        unordered_map<int, int> m;
        for (int n : nums) {
            while (s.size() && s.top() < n) {
                m[s.top()] = n;
                s.pop();
            }
            s.push(n);
        }
        vector<int> ans;
        for (int n : findNums) ans.push_back(m.count(n) ? m[n] : -1);
        return ans;
    }
};




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