# Prime Number Of Set Bits In Binary Representation Problem

## Description

LeetCode Problem 762.

Given two integers left and right, return the count of numbers in the inclusive range [left, right] having a prime number of set bits in their binary representation.

Recall that the number of set bits an integer has is the number of 1’s present when written in binary.

- For example, 21 written in binary is 10101, which has 3 set bits.

Example 1:

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Input: left = 6, right = 10
Output: 4
Explanation:
6 -> 110 (2 set bits, 2 is prime)
7 -> 111 (3 set bits, 3 is prime)
8 -> 1000 (1 set bit, 1 is not prime)
9 -> 1001 (2 set bits, 2 is prime)
10 -> 1010 (2 set bits, 2 is prime)
4 numbers have a prime number of set bits.

Example 2:

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Input: left = 10, right = 15
Output: 5
Explanation:
10 -> 1010 (2 set bits, 2 is prime)
11 -> 1011 (3 set bits, 3 is prime)
12 -> 1100 (2 set bits, 2 is prime)
13 -> 1101 (3 set bits, 3 is prime)
14 -> 1110 (3 set bits, 3 is prime)
15 -> 1111 (4 set bits, 4 is not prime)
5 numbers have a prime number of set bits.

Constraints:

- 1 <= left <= right <= 10^6
- 0 <= right - left <= 10^4

## Sample C++ Code

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class Solution {
public:
int countPrimeSetBits(int L, int R) {
int count=0;
for (int i = L; i <= R; i++) {
if (checkPrime(findSetBits(i)))
count++;
}
return count;
}
int findSetBits(int n) {
int count = 0;
while (n) {
n = n & (n - 1);
count ++;
}
return count;
}
bool checkPrime(int x) {
return (x == 2 || x == 3 || x == 5 || x == 7 ||
x == 11 || x == 13 || x == 17 || x == 19);
}
};